Verbal reasoning

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Practice verbal reasoning for aptitude tests

What is verbal reasoning?

The ability to quickly draw the right conclusions based on verbal (written) information is and is becoming increasingly important in business. The faster and more accurately you do this, the greater your intelligence and the latter contributes to career success. You can also imagine that with the growing amount of e-mails and reports it becomes increasingly difficult to draw the right conclusions quickly. The ability to do this well also gives an indication of how well you can express yourself. That is also a skill that is essential in your further career.


Analogies is part of verbal reasoning. Analogies are used in many capacity tests. With an analogy, you get to see a maximum of four words. These words form two pairs. The intention is to fill in the missing words. To determine the words you will need to determine the underlying relationship. A number of commonly used relationships are:

  • function: you use a hammer to hit something,
  • superlative: warm and hot,
  • antonym: strong and weak,
  • synonym: pretty and beautiful,
  • feature: orange and carrot,
  • category: a poodle is a dog.
Single analogy


Classifying is part of verbal but partly also numerical reasoning. There are different forms of classification, but the most common version is the verbal variant. When classifying you must indicate words or numbers in a list that do not belong. You can come across the following four forms:

  1. Vocabulary
  2. Analogies
  3. Letters
  4. Numbers


Basically you get to see two propositions (also called premisses) in a syllogism. Then you must either determine the correct conclusion or indicate whether the given conclusion is correct. So there are two types of syllogisms:

  1. Establish a conclusion.
  2. Assess conclusion.
Syllogism type B
Reading comprehension

Reading comprehension

Virtually any aptitude test consists of three parts: verbal, numerical and abstract reasoning. Reading comprehension is part of verbal reasoning. This is often referred to as analyzing texts or simply verbal reasoning.

When analyzing texts you get to see a text of usually a few paragraphs. Questions are then asked about this text. It is important to remember that you use the information from the paragraphs only. Even though you know, for example, that the Netherlands is on the North Sea, it may be that in the text this is not the case. Exactly where the boundary lies between the knowledge that you have to take with you and you should not take with you, you have to understand from the context of the text.

There are two types of text explain:

  1. assess statement,
  2. answer a question.

Word relations

Word relations are part of verbal reasoning. With word relationships, you must state whether two words mean the same thing or mean the opposite. It is, therefore, a combination of antonyms and synonyms.


Antonyms are words with an opposite meaning. Think of:

  • Rigid versus flexible.


Synonyms are words with the same meaning. Think of:

  • Swivel and turn.
Word relations


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